воскресенье, 23 августа 2020 г.
Administration and Vision - Essay Example Consequently, a dream that fundamentally reflects dubious dreams or thing(s) of creative mind might be disconnected from the real world (Bogler and Nir, 2001). Administration is equal, happening among individuals. Initiative is a people movement, unmistakable from regulatory paper rearranging or critical thinking exercises. Authority is dynamic and includes the utilization of intensity (Daft, 1997). So as to include and persuade the representatives and to impart a feeling of possession among workers, associations do numerous exercises. Sharing the vision and objectives of the organization is one of the most viable and productive methods of ingraining the feeling of possession among representatives. This way of thinking upheld by a visionary initiative forms trust and trust further makes a feeling of proprietorship. In nature of trust and possession, in general objectives and destinations of the organization are comprehended by the workers in a superior manner bringing about better execution by the representatives independently as well as by and large by the organization or association. Workers must be enabled to make a move dependent based on their comprehension of various circumstances and situations inside the association. This strengthening will build up their critical thinking expertise and they will end up being a piece of the master plan. This strengthening would not be conceivable without sound administration.
пятница, 21 августа 2020 г.
English Views of Native Americans during Catholic-Protestant Conflict in the New World During the sixteenth and seventeenth century, as pilgrims from Europe kept on running to the New World, advances were being presented that influenced English perspectives on Native Americans and how they saw Catholic, or all the more explicitly, Spanish treatment of the Natives. Numerous nations needed prevalence in the Americas and over do that they required more pioneers and backing from their countries. To achieve these objectives various methods were utilized. For England, the New World settlements filled an assortment of needs. To make sure about financial specialists through stock buys by giving them they would be very much remunerated, draw in new pilgrims, and to grow Protestantism in the New World to battle the Catholic development in the Americas (content 38). Aiding in these objectives were new advancements that made a portion of the main publicity. Numerous individuals in Europe dreaded the Native Americans, considering them savage and unrefined. Agitation and this dread among the individuals presumably made many keep away from considering transplanting themselves and their family to an obscure landmass. In 1588 Thomas Harriot distributed the main leaflet about existence in the New World. Depicting incredible climate, productive land, and an abundance of merchandise these works urged individuals to traverse the Atlantic. Alongside him, painter John White, depicted the Native Americans as a tranquil people that could without much of a stretch exist together with Europeans. Taking freedoms from these compositions, Theodore de Bry, a protestant from Belgium, made copperplate etchings of humanized Indians. These photos and perspectives on the Natives had a far reaching bid across England and eased feelings of trepidation of the New World which urged more pioneers to take the journey and more financial specialists to buy stock in colonizing organizations. Perhaps the greatest fight in the New World was among Catholic and Protestants to control the Americas. During this time Spain was the jealousy of Europe. With a huge naval force they were one of the most impressive armed forces on the planet, well off, and flaunted numerous settlements in the New World. A few nations, particularly England, viewed Spain with scorn. Britain being a Protestant nation and Spain Catholic sat idle yet increment the strain. General feeling was significant in this force battle. In 1598 Theodore de Bry republished Bartolome de CasaÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies (content 38-39)Ã¢â¬ which helped win supporters for the Protestant development and EnglandÃ¢â¬â¢s right in the Americas. Initially this book was written in 1541 about Spanish abuse of the Indians. De CasaÃ¢â¬â¢s composing alongside de BryÃ¢â¬â¢s realistic delineations alarmed individuals of the torment and executing of Indians by the Spaniards. The Protestants considered the To be as operators of the fiend who should have been cleansed from society in the New World. Incidentally this reasoning was tricky as practically all nations, including England, abused the Native Americans all through colonization and for quite a long time to come. Many travel accounts were composed throughout the years that depicted a startling and energizing New World to the Europeans. While the majority of these records were composed dependent on supposition and next to no realities, they had a significant spot among society and were amazing in influencing peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s assessments about Native Americans, the New World, and adversary European countries. New innovations of distributing and delineating at the time helped spread these reports thoughts and conclusions quicker than any time in recent memory and we saw for conceivably the first run through ever a purposeful publicity war.
понедельник, 6 июля 2020 г.
Ã¢â¬Å"Live or die, but donÃ¢â¬â¢t poison everythingÃ¢â¬ . These words were said by Anne Sexton, a 20th century poet, whose poems dealt with the complexities of her tragic personal life, including the dysfunctional and often disturbing relationships with her children, husband and parents. Born to a wealthy family in Massachusetts in 1928, Sexton dealt with severe depression all throughout adulthood and actually began writing her poems as a coping mechanism, first suggested by her therapist at the time. She was consumed by the idea of death, especially her own impending one, an obsession of hers which largely influenced much of her work. She specialized in confessional poetry, a style that emerged and found popularity in the 1950s and 1960s, also seen in the works of other famous poets at that time such as Sylvia Plath and Robert Lowell. Finding enormous success within her genre, Sexton joined the celebrity ranks of poets as the poems she had begun writing as a hobby became a full -time occupation with an unexpectedly large audience. However, some did not welcome this new style of confessional poetry because of the sense of intense intimacy SextonÃ¢â¬â¢s poems created through their connection with her personal life. Despite the criticism she received, Sexton left a legacy as leading pioneer to the genre following her tragic suicide in 1974, at the age of forty-five. Through her brutally honest poetry, Sexton was able to portray themes most relevant to her life by creating a sense of duality between the themes in her poems and her reality while also addressing her most violent fears and desires. In the poem Words, Sexton utilizes several literary devices to create a sense of duality in the role words or language play in her life, recognizing that while her poetry saved her in many ways it still remains her worst enemy. Sexton depicts words as the necessary foundation to her own sanity, stating Ã¢â¬Å"they can be as good as fingers() as trusty as the rock() the trees, the legs of summer() the sun, its passionate faceÃ¢â¬ (6-7, 13-14). By creating these comparisons with nature through metaphorical language, Sexton suggests that words are the very essence of life and not just an essential basis for her but also the functionality of society. The comparisons to nature also emphasize the constant and inescapable presence of words in her life. Following her declaration of love for words in line 10, the tone of the poem shifts as Sexton introduces words as an antagonist as well as her lover. She warns that while she will always have an undying love for words, they often fail her. Ã¢â¬Å"Sometimes I fly like an eagle but with the wings of a wrenÃ¢â¬ (20-21). Here, she describes how words harbour a dangerous capability and can certainly be used as weapons. In the final line she states Ã¢â¬Å"words and eggs must be handled with care. Once broken they are impossible to repair.Ã¢â¬ (24-26). The fragility, instability and transience of words can also be interpreted as SextonÃ¢â¬â¢s sanity and the dependence she had on words. With this poem, she accepts the tragic love story she shares with words/poetry in her life as a sort of necessary evil because despite the harm they cause, they are ultimately the only thing keeping her alive. Old, written by Sexton in 1960s, deals with her struggle in accepting the inevitability of the loss of youth as she paints old age in a tragic light, revealing her own fears of aging. Confrontational in nature, SextonÃ¢â¬â¢s poems allow her to face the biggest fears, among them the fear of aging and gradual decline in quality of life. She is not afraid of death as a concept, but the natural process of aging terrifies her, as confirmed by this poem. Her fear is addressed in the first few lines, in which she talks of the hardships of old age. Next, the leading image of the poem is introduced, as Sexton states that Ã¢â¬Å"death starts like a dreamÃ¢â¬ (5). She then goes on to draw a picturesque image of her vibrant life in the days of her supposed carefree youth, as the poem begins to detach itself from the reality of dying a slow, painful death. In line 7 Sexton nostalgically speaks of a time where she and her sister Ã¢â¬Å"are young and we are walkingÃ¢â¬ (7). This is a stark co ntrast to the situation at the beginning of the poem, one of death and decay, to the dream in which she finds herself, where youth and growth reign. In the last few lines, Sexton is drawn out of her dream world by the harsh reality of impending death. The poem ends with Ã¢â¬Å"in a dream you are never eightyÃ¢â¬ (18), a final attempt by Sexton to emphasize her distaste for aging. Tragically, Sexton took her own life in 1974 but a link between the revelations of this poem and her suicidal thoughts, eventually driving her to actually commit suicide, can be found, as Sexton may have killed herself to avoid aging and finding herself in the same predicament as the self-portrayal of herself in Old. Throughout her entire life, Sexton dealt with depression and suicidal thoughts, as portrayed in a raw portrayal of her most desperate desire in Wanting to Die. In this poem, she talks honestly and openly about her ongoing battle with suicidal thoughts and depression. Much like in Words, she personifies the subject of the poem, in this case suicide or death generally, and gives it a sense of duality, painting it as an enemy to be fought as well as a friend who can be trusted. In the first two stanzas, Sexton shares the overwhelming desire to die that consumes her every thought with the reader. She compares the act of committing suicide to a Ã¢â¬Å"voyageÃ¢â¬ (2), one that she possesses an Ã¢â¬Å"unnameable lustÃ¢â¬ (3) for, something she describes as out of her control at this point in her battle with depression. In the third stanza, Sexton personifies suicide or the overwhelming desire she has to commit suicide, mostly as a coping mechanism in helping her fight the temptation. Sh e depicts the internal struggle between life and death within her mind through metaphorical imagery such as labelling suicide as Ã¢â¬Å"the enemyÃ¢â¬ (11) in one line and later contradicting that label completely, calling it Ã¢â¬Å"magicÃ¢â¬ (12). Imprisoned by her own thoughts as well as those of society, she dreams about the finality of death, at this point a fantasy for her. She even goes so far as to compare suicide or suicide attempts as Ã¢â¬Å"a drug so sweet, that even children would look on and smileÃ¢â¬ (20-21). ItÃ¢â¬â¢s drug-like quality can be recognized in the fact that Sexton is addicted to the thoughts of her own suicide and the children metaphor introduces innocence to the equation and defines the simplicity of her desire to die. In the end, for her the only logical option was death because after a lifetime of hosting a tortured mind, death was the ultimate relief and she believed the deserved the peace. Looking back on this poem today, it is obvious Sexton a ttempted to portray the impossible battle she struggled with internally as suicidal thoughts consumed her psyche completely, eventually killing her in 1974. Sexton illustrated her personal battle with suicidal thoughts she struggled with for many years through her poetry, it being the only outlet where she could vent honestly on the themes that caused the most distress for her without fear of judgement. In this way, her poetry saved her by staving off many of her suicidal thoughts and causing a distraction. However, in the end the appeal of emptiness and finality she envisioned in death won her over, bringing an end to an internal struggle that had raged within her since her teenage years. This duality becomes especially apparent in poems like Wanting to Die and Words, in which friend and foe merge into one, confusing and unrecognizable collection of thoughts for Sexton to ponder.
вторник, 19 мая 2020 г.
Childhood Obesity A Ã¢â¬Å"BigÃ¢â¬ Problem for America During the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s, about 5% of American children between the ages of two and nineteen were considered to be Ã¢â¬Å"obeseÃ¢â¬ . Over the past several decades, that percentage has risen to a whopping 17% - a change that is seemingly minute. It may only appear as a 12% increase, however, that 17% translates to 12.5 million children and teens burdened with the challenge of obesity. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, obesity is defined as having a body mass index that exceeds the 95th percentile (U.S. Department of Health). In other words, the average between the mass and the height of an obese child is greater than that of 95% of all other children. As in any medical issue, the biggest concerns for childhood obesity stem from the potential risk factors that can result. Some of which include diabetes, heart disease, asthma, and even death. Thus, many have sought out the root cause of the issue as well as the most effective solutions. Childhood obesity, promoted by a processed diet, increasing portion sizes, and limited access to healthy, affordable foods, is an epidemic plaguing a vast number of children within the United States and will continue to do so if left to fester. Nonetheless, this ailment can be remedied through an extensive understanding of proper nutrition, dedication to maintaining dietary excellence, and emphasis on prevention. As the rates of childhood obesity continue to soar, the mostShow MoreRelatedChildhood Obesity : A Big Problem1318 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageschildren, not even the money to hire a maid. The only way to feed their children is going to eat at restaurants, mostly where the food is not as expensive and is done fast. Ã¢â¬Å"Obesity contributes to the number-one cause of death in our nation: heart diseaseÃ¢â¬ (Carmona, 2003). Heart disease, the number one cause of childhood obesity in America. Parents do not realize the risks their children are being placed in. Healthy food would decrease that risk, but even though some parents know the risk their child willRead MoreChildhood Obesity And Its Effects On America1394 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHave you ever wondered what are the major causes of obesity? The CDC (2017) states that one out of every five children in the U.S. are overweight or obese, and this number is continuing to rise. Wilson (2016) states that many children who are obese develop health complications, such as joint, gallbladder, and sleeping problems. The majority of children who are obese as kids tend to be obese as adults. Reason being, many children develop bad eating habits by learning from their surroundings. WhenRead MoreChildhood Obesitiy Essay698 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesInformative Speech 1 Outline Childhood Obesity Planning Block General Purpose: To inform Specific Purpose: To inform the audience of the importance of childhood obesity Central Idea: Childhood obesity is an epidemic that is sweeping across America and will continue to get worse unless the problem is faced head on. Introduction Hook: Introduce myself. Then start talking about the Ã¢â¬Å"Maury PovichÃ¢â¬ show when there are fat babies. Then talk about how they think it may be funny/cuteRead MoreChildhood Obesity : A Growing Problem1177 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesquote from Richard Carmona says, Ã¢â¬Å"If the childhood obesity epidemic remains unchecked, it will condemn many of our kids to shorter lives, as well as the emotional and financial burdens of poor healthÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"RichardÃ¢â¬ ). Carmona is right in many ways. More than ever, childhood obesity is a huge problem in America today. This disease is causes health problems, emotional problems, weakness, and fatigue. Childhood obesity in America has become a widespread problem and will continue to worsen unless we enforceRead MoreChildhood Obesity And Child Malnutrition960 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesChildhood obesity in America and child malnutrition in Africa seem like two problems worlds apart, the reality is that is far from the truth. Whether a chi ld suffers from obesity or a child suffers from malnutrition from under eating, they are both problems that have to be addressed. There are several similarities and differences between childhood obesity in America and child malnutrition in Africa. First, there are many differences and similarities in childhood obesity in America and child malnutritionRead MoreChildhood Obesity Essay examples1472 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesForty years ago in America childhood obesity was rarely a topic of conversation. A survey done in the early 1970s showed that 6.1% of children between the ages 12 and 19 were overweight. Eight years later the same survey was done and 17.4% were considered overweight (Iannelli). Ã¢â¬Å"Childhood obesity epidemic in America is now a confirmed fact since the number of overweight or obese children has more than tripled during the last 30 yearsÃ¢â¬ (Childhood Obesity Epidemic). Ã¢â¬Å"Over the last 20 years, the prevalenceRead MoreEffects Of Obesity On Children s Children1384 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPaper: Effects of Obesity in Children Ã¢â¬Å"From small fries to BIG MACÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬ America, home of the brave, land of the free and plagued with obesity. For many years this country has fallen victim to obesity and the many effects that it has as a direct result. America has become the fattest nation in the world even though it is more advanced than most countries. We as Americans tend to consume whatever we want whenever we want and this has begun to affect our future. The children of America have fallen victimRead MoreThe Role Of The Government On Childhood Obesity Essay1321 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSPCM 200, 001 10/17/16 The Role of the Government in Preventing Childhood Obesity Specific Purpose Statement: To invite my audience to determine the role of the government in preventing childhood obesity. Thesis: With the number of obese children increasing, the government has to step in to reduce this number, but there are people who argue that it is not the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s role to intervene in the way people raise their children. Introduction I. Attention Getter: According to healthiergeneration.orgRead MoreObesity : Obesity And Obesity917 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Obesity, along with childhood obesity, has become an even bigger issue in the past thirty years and will continue to be a problem until it is better addressed. According to Sarah Muntel, 33.8 percent of the U.S population is affected by obesity (1). That is about one third of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s citizens, meaning that approximately one third of Americans are suffering or will suffer major health problems aside from being obese. Amaya Mandel stated, Ã¢â¬Å"obesity is linked to several long term health conditionsRead MoreChildhood Obesity : An Epidemic Essay1641 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesChildhood obesity is an epidemic in America. Many experts like doctors and dietitians have narrowed the epidemic to a few causes some being lack of exercise, genetics, and food insecurity. Exercise and genetics could lead to obesity in the way that you need exercise to burn fat and some p eople are genetically more inclined to store more fat. Obesity is having excessive amount of fat that could lead to other health problem which is scary to think that childhood obesity is something that is on the
среда, 6 мая 2020 г.
The American author, Alice Sebold, published the three books: Lucky, The Lovely Bones, and The Almost Moon. Alice Sebold grew up in the Philadelphia suburbs as her father was a Spanish professor at the University of Pennsylvania and her mother was a journalist for a local paper. She attended college at Syracuse University achieving her bachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s degree in studying writing, and she would earn her Masters of Fine Arts from the University of California in 1998. Alice Sebold is extremely known for her popular novel, The Lovely Bone, which was a dominating best-seller in 2002 about a murdered teenage girl observing the crime and the impact it had on everyone involve. The novel was transformed into a film in 2009, which created such aÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦While entering the building, she realized that she did not have her ID, however, the resident security assistant allowed her in and questioned what had happened to her. She explained she had been beaten and raped in the park and to alert the police. Not long after the police arrived at the university, an ambulance came to take Alice to the hospital for examination. Her clothes were given to the police officers for evidence, and her body was swabbed for any DNA evidence. One of her good friends, Mary Alice and Tree, came as soon as they knew to the hospital and began to assist Alice through the experience (Lucky). The police took her statement and investigated and told her she was Ã¢â¬Å"lucky,Ã¢â¬ as a girl had been murdered and dismembered in the same tunnel. Alice was nervous to tell her mother about the rape because she suffered from panic attacks and alcohol addiction. Her mother would be at the dorms soon to take Alice home for summer break though, so she phoned her and explained what had happened. Alice returned to her hometown to stay for the summer, and her whole world completely changed. Her parents did not know how to approach her after the rape, and it was very frustrating for Alice. There were many incidents when Alice would confront her mother and father about what happened in the tunnel as it helped her by talking about it. With her motherÃ¢â¬â¢s recommendation, Alice agreed to see Dr. Graham,Show MoreRelatedLogical Reasoning189930 Words Ã |Ã 760 PagesDowden This book Logical Reasoning by Bradley H. Dowden is licensed under a Creative Commons AttributionNonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. That is, you are free to share, copy, distribute, store, and transmit all or any part of the work under the following conditions: (1) Attribution You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author, namely by citing his name, the book title, and the relevant page numbers (but not in any way that suggests that the book Logical ReasoningRead MoreW1 Active Adj14109 Words Ã |Ã 57 Pageswords in both spoken and written English, based on statistical analysis of the 390 million words contained in the Longman Corpus Network Ã¢â¬â a group of corpuses or databases of authentic English language. The Longman Communication 3000 represents the core of the English language and shows students of English which words are the most important for them to learn and study in order to communicate effectively in both speech and writing. Analysis of the Longman Corpus Network shows that these 3000 most frequent
Question: Discuss about the Trust and Privacy Concern in Social Networking. Answer: Introduction: This topic has been selected for review since issue of privacy and trust on the social networking sites is a major one and contemporary to the current scenario. After selection of the topic, I have used various search keywords such as privacy, data protection, internet security, social networking, Face book, MySpace and searched using the Google Scholar and the Vitoria University Library. A large number of relevant journal have been found and ten of them has been found appropriate for the next step. Out of the reservoir of appropriate information, only two journal articles have been chosen for review. Date Task Action Comment 01/05/17 Searching for topics for the review Selection of some relevant topic Selecting one of them 02/05/17 Some journals are selected from Google Scholar as well as Vitoria University Library Some of the articles are read and analysed. Creation of a folder for collecting the articles which I want to refer to later 03/05/17 Reading Reading and understanding three articles from my folder Have a good article to follow up 04/05/17 Reading Reading three other articles The information in these articles is not appropriate. 05/05/17 Choosing five articles Reading these articles thoroughly Selecting two of the articles for review 06/05/17 Staring the literature review Starting with list of reference books Inserting all citations that are relevant to this assignment 07/05/17 Beginning with the review of the first article Reading this first article Highlighting the essential points and comments 09/05/17 Reading the second article Making notes for some essential information Highlighting the essential information and reviewing it. 10/05/17 Reviewing the second article Reading this article Reviewing some essential part of the authors work 12/05/17 Writing this assignment Writing this assignment based on information from these two articles Completion of the assignment done Source Used keywords Number of Returned Literature Number of Collected Literature Google scholar Social network Privacy in Social network Trust and social network Cyber security and social network 2340000 2120000 1230000 550000 2 3 1 1 Vitoria University library Social network Social network and privacy 3434000 3250000 2 1 Out of the chosen literatures, two has been chosen for literature review. The other articles were used as references. With the advent of social networking sites such as Facebook and Myspace, people have been attracted to these sites and are using them extensively (Dwyer et al. 2007). As a result they are sharing various personal details in these sites. However, the security and privacy of these sites could be questioned, since the information used in these sites is accessible to all (Dwyer et al. 2007). It has been highlighted that over 47 million Americans visit Myspace every month, whereas Facebook is visited by 15 million Americans every month. With such a huge number of visitors every month, it is impossible for these sites to maintain the privacy and integrity of all the users. Along with the basic information of the users such as the name, date of birth, email address, phone number, and other personal information is also shared (Dwyer et al. 2007). These include the buying of a new car, or celebration of an event. These information and personal pictures might be used by hackers and could be us ed for cyber bulling. Thus, it might be concluded that the social networking sites are an essential part of the social lives of the people. However, the users need to be careful enough as they share their sensitive and personal information (Dwyer et al. 2007). This literature review highlights the facts that though people tend to share sensitive information as well as develop new relationships in the social networking sites, yet it cannot be trusted. Social networking sites are an important part of the society and social lives (Barnes 2006). Increasing number of visitors in the social networking sites is witness of the fact that these sites are becoming more and more popular (Barnes 2006). However, these sites could consider as a privacy paradox. Solution to privacy issues The people especially the users of the social networking sites are to be made aware of the detrimental effects of the lack of privacy of the social networking sites (Barnes 2006). There are three distinct solutions, that the users might seek help from. These include the society, technology and the legislation. The parents and the schools need to take initiative such that the children could be made aware of the privacy issues of the social networking sites along with the harm that might be caused to them (Barnes 2006). The effects of sexual harassments in the social networking sites and the cases of cyber bulling have to be conveyed to the regular users of the social networking sites. Parents need to spend quality time with their children and guide them towards what is right (Barnes 2006). The parents need to be aware of the activities of the children such that they could show the right path to their children. Along with the parents, the social networking sites have a key role to play as well. The users should be provided with a clear guideline regarding the privacy policies and a statutory wring should also be given to them. The profiles of the users need to be scanned regularly by the social networking sites, and the users with inappropriate behaviour or posts should be banned and blocked from all the social networking sites. Thus, not only the parents, the social networking companies also have to take their responsibilities (Barnes 2006). The government has a vital role to play. The government has issues ban against children under the age of 18 to join the social networking sites (Barnes 2006). However, most of the children input a false date of birth and get registered in the social networking sites even at the age much below 18 years. A strict verification is essential where the users have to submit their age proof, before successful registration (Barnes 2006). Thus, the responsibilities of the government and the social networking sites cannot be denied. This report clearly highlights the trust and privacy issues that arise among the users of the social networking sites such as Facebook and Myspace. The social networking sites face various issues. However, I have chosen to shed some light upon the issues of trust and privacy in particular. Out of many shortlisted journals, I have selected two for an extensive literature review. The review of the first article highlights the survey results from a number of social network users. The review of the second article highlights the privacy issues along with some practical solutions. The issues of privacy and trusts have been clearly highlighted and the risks that might arise from these privacy issues are also mentioned. The role of the society, parents, schools, government has been clearly defined to make people especially the children aware of the trust and privacy issues. The solutions proposed in the second article reviewed are practical and should be implemented as soon as possible. The social networking sites have a great impact and importance in the society. Thus it should be used for the benefit of the society and not for bulling and harassing people. References Barnes,S 2006, A privacy paradox: Social networking in the United States, https://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/1394/1312#author Dwyer,J, Hiltz,S, Passerini,K 2007, Trust and Privacy Concern within Social Networking Sites: A Comparison of Facebook and Myspace , AIS Electronic Library (AISeL) Bott, E. and Spillius, E.B., 2014.Family and social network: Roles, norms and external relationships in ordinary urban families. Routledge. Caliskan Islam, A., Walsh, J. and Greenstadt, R., 2014, November. Privacy detective: Detecting private information and collective privacy behavior in a large social network. InProceedings of the 13th Workshop on Privacy in the Electronic Society(pp. 35-46). ACM. Chen, H.T. and Kim, Y., 2013. Problematic use of social network sites: The interactive relationship between gratifications sought and privacy concerns.Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking,16(11), pp.806-812. Chewae, M., Hayikader, S., Hasan, M.H. and Ibrahim, J., 2015. How much privacy we still have on social network?.International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications (ISSN 2250-3153). Dwyer, C., Hiltz, S. and Passerini, K., 2007. Trust and privacy concern within social networking sites: A comparison of Facebook and MySpace.AMCIS 2007 proceedings, p.339. Ellison, N.B. and Boyd, D.M., 2013. Sociality through social network sites. InThe Oxford handbook of internet studies. Hamelink, C.J., 2000.The ethics of cyberspace. Sage. Litt, E., 2013. Understanding social network site users privacy tool use.Computers in Human Behavior,29(4), pp.1649-1656. Plaisance, P.L., 2013.Media ethics: Key principles for responsible practice. Sage Publications. Tambe, P. and Vora, D., 2016, May. Privacy preservation on social network using data sanitization. InRecent Trends in Electronics, Information Communication Technology (RTEICT), IEEE International Conference on(pp. 751-753). IEEE. Wang, Y., Nepali, R.K. and Nikolai, J., 2014, February. Social network privacy measurement and simulation. InComputing, Networking and Communications (ICNC), 2014 International Conference on(pp. 802-806). IEEE.
вторник, 21 апреля 2020 г.
Philosophy - Socrates Philosophy is a vast field. It examines and probes many different fields. Virtue, morality, immortality, death, and the difference between the psyche (soul) and the soma (body) are just a few of the many different topics which can be covered under the umbrella of philosophy. Philosophers are supposed to be experts on all these subjects. The have well thought out opinions, and they are very learned people. Among the most revered philosophers of all time was Socrates. Living around the 5th century B.C., Socrates was among the first philosophers who wasn't a sophist, meaning that he never felt that he was wise for he was always in the pursuit of knowledge. Unfortunately, Socrates was put to death late in his life. One of his best students, Plato, however, recorded what had occurred on that last day of Socrates' life. On that last day of his life, Socrates made a quite powerful claim. He claimed that philosophy was merely practice for getting used to death and dying. At first, the connection between philosophy and death is not clear. However, as we unravel Socrates' argument backing up his claim, the statement makes a lot of sense. In order for Philosophers to examine their world accurately and learn the truth accurately, they must remove them selves of all distractions. These not only include physical distractions, but they include mental distractions and bodily distractions as well. Philosophers must get used to viewing and examining the world with out any senses. Senses merely hinder and obscure the truth. Sight for example can be fooled easily with optical illusions which occur normally in nature. Sound can be very distracting as well when a philosopher is trying to concentrate. All of these cloud the judgement, and must therefore be detached from the soul. Socrates argues that philosophers must view the world around them with their souls in order to accurately learn about it. However, by detaching their souls from all bodily functions, philosophers may as well be in an induced state of death. In mortem, the soul wanders free and there are no bodily hindrances. Socrates also believed that philosophers look upon death with good cheer and hope. This I find hard to believe because if this were true, the philosopher would not be able to love life, and without the love of life, there is no life to examine and learn about. It is understandable however from another point of view to understand why the philosopher would look forward to death with good cheer. Once the philosopher is dead, his soul is free to roam around without hindrances forever, and all the worlds secrets shall be revealed to him. In fact, Socrates' sees his death as a liberation from the shackles of life for his last wish was for Crito to sacrifice a rooster to Asclepius. This god was normally given sacrifices to free the sickly from the grips of a virus or illness. Perhaps Socrates saw the body as a sickness that fed upon the soul. If this were the case, then indeed Socrates would be happy to leave the bonds of life, for then he could have an eternity to seek out his answers, all without the diversions and distractions of a body. Socrates believed that it was this search that was important, even more so than the answers them selves. Socrates believed that the journey toward the answers is where most of the learning takes place, and it is this journey that truly integrates the answers as part of your very own being. --===--